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Common Diseases of Bladder

There exist numerous diseases that can affect the urinary system. The symptoms may range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms are enlisted below.

Urinary Incontinence

This is a condition in which the bladder muscles become weak and control over urination is lost. Patients with this disease will complain of leakage of urine, and loss of control over urination on coughing and sneezing.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) in Men

In this condition the prostrate (a gland that surrounds the urethra) enlarges, obstructing the flow of urine. Symptoms such as difficulty urinating, incomplete sense of urination and increased urinary frequency are common.


Infection of the bladder causes cystitis. Patients with cystitis will experience a sharp pain while passing urine, and urgent and frequent need to pass urine, along with low backaches and abdominal pains.

Urinary Tract Infection

It is most common in females. The patient complains of burning sensation and pain while passing urine. Infections occur when bacteria multiply in the urinary tract. The symptoms include an urgent need for passing urine and increase in the urinary frequency.

Bladder Stones

Bladder stones cause obstruction to the urinary flow. When the urine in the bladder gets concentrated, it crystallises to form bladder stones.1

  1. Your urinary system and how it works. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney diseases. NIH Publication No. 07-3195.Available at: Accessed February 24, 2009.